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雅思阅读T/F/NG练习题:奥运会的起源

来源:未知  发布时间:2014-04-16 19:24  点击:

 以下就是烟台扬格雅思中心为大家整理的雅思阅读T/F/NG练习题:奥运会的起源,非常实用。更多资讯、资料尽在烟台扬格雅思频道。最后预祝大家在雅思考试中取得好成绩!

 In ancient Greece athletic festivals were very important and had strong religious associations. The Olympian athletic festival held every four years in honour of Zeus, eventually lost its local character; it became first a national event, and then, after the rules against foreign competitors had been waived, international. No one knows exactly how far back the Olympic Games go, but some official records date from 776 B.C.

  The Games took place in August on the plain by Mount Olympus. Many thousands of spectators gathered from all parts of Greece, but no married woman was admitted even as a spectator. Slaves, women and dishonoured persons were not allowed to compete. The exact sequence of events is uncertain, but events included boys' gymnastics, horse-racing, field events such as discus and javelin throwing, and the very important foot races. There was also boxing and wrestling and special tests of varied ability such as the pentathlon, the winner of which excelled in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing and wrestling. The evening of the third day was devoted to sacrificial offerings to the heroes of the day, and the fourth day, that of the full moon, was set aside as a holy day.

  On the sixth and last day, all the victors were crowned with holy garlands of wild olive from a sacred wood. So great was the honour that the winner of the foot race gave his name to the year of his victory. Although Olympic winners received no prize money, they were in fact richly rewarded by their state authorities. The public honour also made the strict discipline of the ten-month training period worthwhile. In spite of the lengthy training, however, runners were known to drop dead from strain at the winning post. How their results compared with modern standards, we unfortunately have no means of telling.

  After an uninterrupted history of almost 1,200 years the Games were abolished in A.D. 394, the Christian era, because of their pagan origin. It was over 1,500 years before there was another such international athletics gathering. The Greek institution was revived in 1896 and the first small meeting took place in Athens. After the 1908 London Olympics, success was re-established and nations sent their best representatives. In times of peace, the Games have taken place ever since at four-yearly intervals. In Munich in 1972, competitors from more than 120 countries were watched by huge crowds.

  Nowadays, the Games are held in different countries in turn. The host country provides vast facilities, including a stadium, swimming pools and living accommodation, but competing countries pay their own athletes' expenses. Athletic contests are still the main feature, but now many more sports are represented, women compete, the ancient pentathlon, for example, has been modified into a more comprehensive test, and the marathon races, initiated in 1896, are now a celebrated event.

  The Olympics start with the arrival in the stadium of a torch, lighted on Mount Olympus by the sun's rays. It is carried by a succession of runners to the stadium. The torch symbolizes the continuation of the ancient Greek athletic ideals, and it bums throughout the Games until the closing ceremony. The well-known Olympic flag, however, is a modem conception: the five interlocking rings symbolize the uniting of all five continents participating in the Games.

  Look at the following statements. In boxes 26-31 on your answer sheet write

  TRUE if the statement is true

  FALSE if the statement is false

  NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage

  26. In the early days of the ancient Olympic Games, all competitors had to be Greek males.

  27. Women were forbidden to compete or spectate in the Games.

  28. The ancient Olympics did not have a fixed order of athletic events.

  29. At ancient Olympics athletes competed for a stronger body and not for money's sake.

  30. Modem athletes' results cannot be compared with those of the ancient runners because the Greeks had no means of recording times in the past.

  31. Nowadays, the athletes' expenses are paid for by the competing countries they represent.

  32. The ancient pentathlon has modernised to include the marathon race.

  33. Relays of runners light their torches ir the stadium at the beginning of the Games in the host country.

  34. The Olympic Games have taken place every four years since it was revived in 1896.

  35. The modem Olympics are inspired by the same ideals as the ancient ones.

  Using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS answer the questions below. Write your answers in boxes 36-40 on your answer sheet.

  36. According to the passage, what is the earliest time known to date that the Olympic Games were initiated?

  37. How long did competitors have to train for the Games in ancient times?

  38. For what reason were the Games abolished?

  39. When and where did the first modem Olympics take place?

  40. Name three host cities that are mentioned in the passage.

 

  以上就是烟台扬格雅思中心为大家整理的雅思阅读T/F/NG练习题:奥运会的起源,非常实用。更多资讯、资料尽在烟台扬格雅思频道。最后预祝大家在雅思考试中取得好成绩!

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