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英语六级虚拟语气例题解析(三)

来源:未知  发布时间:2014-05-11 15:05  点击:

英语六级虚拟语气例题解析(三)

 下面是英语六级虚拟语气例题解析(三),供考生学习。
  1. I must say he reads very well, and I shouldn’t be surprised if he ______ acting for a living one day.
  A. had taken up B. takes up C. have taken up D. would have taken up
  解析:(B)所给的四个选项中没有一个表示对未来的情况的虚拟的形式should+动词原形,或是were to do,因此可以断定if引导的条件句在这里最真实的条件句,用一般现在时表示一般将来时,故(B)是正确答案。
  2. If I had seen the movie, I ______ you all about it now.
  A. would tell B. will tell C. have told D. would have told
  解析:(A)这是一个混合虚拟语气的句子,if条件句表示的是对过去情况的假设,而主句是对现在(now)的情况的假设,故用would tell形式。
  3. I’d rather you ______ anything about it for the time being.
  A. do B. didn’t do C. don’t D. didn’t
  解析:B.would rather引导的虚拟语气其谓语用过去式。
  4. Mary ______ my letter; otherwise she would have replied before now.
  A. has received B. ought to have received
  C. couldn’t have received D. shouldn’t have received
  解析:C.注意单词otherwise引导虚拟语气。
  5. We didn't know his telephone number, otherwise we _____ him. ( 1995年6月四级第46题)
  A) would have telephoned   B) must have telephoned
  C) would telephone      D) had telephoned
  解析:本题是与过去时相反的虚拟句,从句中用过去完成式,主句中用would have done。本句相当于if we had known his telephone number,we would have telephoned him。答案是(A) would have telephoned。
  6. Jean doesn't want to work right away because she thinks that if she ______ a job she probably wouldn't be able to see her friends very often.(1996年1月四级第44题)
  A. has to get   B. had got   C. were to get   D. could have got
  解析:本句的意思是:“琼不想马上就工作,她认为要是找了工作,就不能经常探访她的朋友了”。这说明,琼目前没有工作。句中假设的情况在近期内并不会存在。该条件句应当用表示将来情况的虚拟语气。条件从句的谓语用should或were to引出。因此C. were to get 是本题答案。选项A. has to get是陈述语气的现在时,不能用于虚拟条件句中。选项B. had got是虚拟语气的过去时,不能表示将来时间。选项D. could have got不能用于虚拟语气的条件从句中。
  7. Look at the terrible situation I am in! if only I ____ your advice.(1993年6月四级第70题)
  A. follow   B. had followed   C. would follow   D. have followed
  解析:if only 引出感叹句,意思是“要是……多好”,表示说话人的一种愿望,希望发生(事实上不可能发生)与过去事实相反的情况。本句的全句意思是:“看我现在的处境多糟糕!要是我听从你的劝告多好”。事实上,句中的“我”没有听从劝告,所以处境很糟糕。题中空格处应当用虚拟语气,答案是B。
  8 .That tree looked as if it _____ for a long time.
  a.hasn't watered b.had not been watered
  c.didn't water d.wasn't watered
  解析:本题测试as if 从句的虚拟语气。一般来说,as if 从句所表达的内容完全与实际情况相反或纯粹是一种假设时,通常使用虚拟语气。
  9. I'd rather you ____ anything about it for the time being.
  a. don't do b.did
  c.didn't do d.would do
  解析:would rather 表示愿望,后接从句用虚拟语气,用过去时。
  10. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I ____ your advice
  a.follow b.would follow
  c.had followed d.have followed
  解析:本题测试if only 引起的感叹句的虚拟语气。if only 引起的感叹句,相当于“how I wish +宾语从句”。其谓语动词形式与wish后的宾语从句形式相同。

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相关关键字:英语,六级,虚拟,语气,例题,解析,三,下面,是,

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